UMST’s Dean of Nursing Sciences, Dr Amel Abdelgadir Ali Mohamed has published a paper in the International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR).
The paper is entitled, ‘The Effectiveness of the Light Source Device on the Insertion of Cannulae into the Peripheral Veins in Children in Khartoum State Hospitals 2012’.
Dr Amel authored the paper along with Hassan Mohamed Ahmed and Djenta Saha.
Background: Peripheral intravenous catheters are the most commonly inserted tubes .It is a time consuming procedure performed on the majority of general paediatric inpatients, with significant discomfort to patients and their caregivers. The use of
Transilluminationfor the localization of veins for cannulation is an old technique; however, it is still not well known worldwide. Some
studies found this technique to have a 100% success rate .There are no published studies from Sudan regarding use of transillumination for cannulae insertion. The device used in this study is simple, cheep, and safe and can be used in every procedure room in the hospital. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the light source device on the insertion of cannulae into the
peripheral veins in children. Methods: This is a randomized clinical trial study, examined 246 inpatients children from the age of one month to 60 months who required peripheral catheter insertion at pediatric hospitals in Khartoum state (intervention group, n = 123),
using a simple light source device. Data were collected by special assessment sheet which consist of two sections: 1.Demographic data of
participants; 2. Observational checklist concerning cannulae insertion procedure. Data were analyzed by (SPSS) Data were compared at
baseline data (control group, n = 123,) without using the device. Variableswere the number of attempts per patient, successrate, the time to procedure completion and cost of total procedure calculated by number of cannulae, number of swab, and number of syringes used. Results: Successful cannulation was achieved at the first attempt 56.9% in the illumination group and 43.1% in the control group.
The maximum number of attempts was three in illumination group compared to more than three attempts in control group. Two attempts were required in 45.3% of patients in the illumination group and in 54.7% of the control group; 3 attempts were needed in 28.6% and 71.4% of the groups, respectively (P =0.03) .The percentage of procedures completed within less than 5 minutes increased when nurses used the transillumination light device compared to not using the device, (P =0.00). The result demonstrated that transillumination lower the total procedure cost by 46.9SDG .p.value= (0.004) y.
Conclusions: Transillumination had more success rate, shorter duration of insertion and total cost of the procedure was reduced